in association with
Disaster Diplomacy investigates how and why disaster-related activities do and do not influence conflict and cooperation.
For details, see:
The evidence from Disaster Diplomacy studies so far suggests that, while disaster-related activities do not create fresh diplomatic opportunities, they have the possibility of catalyzing action, although that possibility is not always fulfilled. The three outcomes from Disaster Diplomacy work so far are:
Disaster Diplomacy examines the role of disaster-related activities not just in international affairs and international relations, but also in all forms of conflicts with any form of party. That is, a wide definition of "diplomacy" is used. Disaster Diplomacy also embraces a wide definition of "disaster", not just rapid-onset phenomena such as earthquakes and industrial explosions, but also trends or variabilities which are more diffuse in space and time such as droughts, epidemics, and global changes. These latter events have been termed "chronic disasters", "creeping changes", and "disaster conditions" amongst other terms.
Such projects and ideas are found in the case studies and projects and ideas sections of this website. Guises of disaster diplomacy used in the literature and media include "drought diplomacy", "earthquake diplomacy", and "tsunami diplomacy".
The case studies section details ongoing work based on specific Disaster Diplomacy instances or potential.
Further investigations including the projects & ideas contribute to determining how all vulnerability-, risk-, and disaster-related activities could assist in diplomatic efforts, international relations, international affairs, human rights, conflict resolution, environmental management, and sustainability. Pre-disaster activities such as prevention, mitigation, adaptation, planning, and preparedness apply to Disaster Diplomacy as much as activities during disasters and post-disaster activities such as response, reconstruction, and recovery. Possible spin-off phrases are "risk diplomacy" and "vulnerability diplomacy". Disaster should not be desired, but attempts to extract as many positive aspects as possible from a difficult situation should be made, especially since those positive aspects can reduce vulnerability and contribute to disaster risk reduction.
These ideas and their continuing development are detailed in academic publications and, amongst others, the following popular science publications:
Kelman, I. 2012. "The Many Failures of Disaster Diplomacy". Natural Hazards Observer, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 1, 12-15, full text (3,615 kb in PDF).
For more publications, see Ilan Kelman's disaster diplomacy publications website.
The material on the Disaster Diplomacy website is provided as only an information source. Neither definitive advice nor recommendations are implied. Each person or organisation accessing the website is responsible for making their own assessment of the topics discussed and are strongly advised to verify all information. No liability will be accepted for loss or damage incurred as a result of using the material on this website. The appearance of external links on this website does not constitute endorsement of the organisations, information, products, or services contained on that external website.