(Copyright Ilan Kelman 2018.)
Svalbard / Spitsbergen
Norway-Russia Disaster Diplomacy in the High North and Arctic
Funded by the Research Council of Norway's NORRUSS (Norway-Russia) programme
1 December 2018 - 30 November 2019
This project uses Norway-Russia relations on, for, and around Svalbard to examine how disaster-related activities might be used, or should not be used, more in the Arctic and the High North to foster peaceful links between Norway and Russia.
Three disaster scenarios are considered to see how Norway-Russia relations might be helped, be hindered, or be unaffected:
- Radiation release from a ship, which might be a nuclear-powered vessel or might be during transportation of nuclear waste.
- Oil spill emergency management.
- A disease outbreak in Barentsburg.
The new theoretical work will be (i) exploring informal connections, networks, and activities for disaster-related activities; (ii) determining which documented collaboration is real and which is for show; and (iii) considering connections between local and bilateral work. The new empirical work will be (i) the original case study of Arctic disaster diplomacy for Norway-Russia relations with respect to Svalbard and (ii) the three scenarios, as described above, although a strong baseline of work exists already for oil spills which will built on.
Key themes being considered include:
- Personal roles and relationships. Much happens because people know each other, especially considering that people on Svalbard frequently have a job, volunteer roles, and informal community roles.
- Combining and connecting formal and informal processes, structures, and networks. How are informality and formality changing on Svalbard?
- Svalbard being developed as an Arctic Ocean hub for emergency management. Could there be consequences for militarisation?
- Science diplomacy, especially regarding monitoring, observation, risk analysis, and safety science but also thinking about the role of social science.
Duda, P.I. and I. Kelman. 2019. "Arctic Disaster Risk Reduction and Response as Triumph?" Chapter in press in N. Sellheim, Y.V. Zaika, and I. Kelman (eds.). 2019. Arctic Triumph: Northern Innovation and Persistence. Springer, Basel, Switzerland.
Duda, P.I. 2019. "Exploring Exceptionality for Extraterritoriality in Disasters". Presentation at Special Territorial Status and Extraterritoriality: Exceptional Sovereignties and Sovereign Exceptions, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, 20-24 January 2019.
Kelman, I. 2019 (February 5). "Disaster Diplomacy". Ice People, p. 7.
Kelman, I., C. Webersik, P.I. Duda, A.C. Auestad, A.K. Sydnes, D. Fjærtoft, E. Nikitina, and N. Poussenkova. 2019. "Does Special Territorial Status Affect Disaster Diplomacy? A Case Study of Svalbard". Presentation at Special Territorial Status and Extraterritoriality: Exceptional Sovereignties and Sovereign Exceptions, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, 20-24 January 2019.
Nikitina, E. 2019. "Disaster Risk Reduction in the Arctic". Presentation of the project at "Northern Sea Route: Economic, Legal and International Development perspectives". Meeting of IMEMO Science Council, IMEMO, Moscow, 30 January 2019.
Nikitina, E. 2019. "Disaster Risk Reduction Under the Arctic Change: Possible Regional Governance Options". Presentation at Special Territorial Status and Extraterritoriality: Exceptional Sovereignties and Sovereign Exceptions, Longyearbyen, Svalbard, 20-24 January 2019.
Northern lights / aurora borealis from Longyearbyen, Norway.
(Copyright Ilan Kelman 2019.)
Kelman, I. and P.I. Duda. 2017. "Arctic Science Diplomacy for Disaster-related Activities". Presentation at the European Consortium for Political Research General Conference, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, 6-9 September 2017.
Kontar, Y.Y., T. Beer, P.A. Berkman, J.C. Eichelberger, A. Ismail-Zadeh, I. Kelman, J.L. LaBrecque, A.E. Sztein, and Y. Zaika. 2018. "Disaster-related Science Diplomacy: Advancing Global Resilience through International Scientific Collaborations". Science & Diplomacy, vol. 7, no. 2, http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/article/2018/disaster-related-science-diplomacy-advancing-global-resilience-through-international, full text.
Kontar, Y.Y., P. Berkman, P. Duda, T. Gavrilyeva, A. Ismail-Zadeh, I. Kelman, E. Sztein, and Y. Zaika. 2018. "Disaster Diplomacy in the Arctic: Advancing Research and Bridging Boundaries". Presentation at Polar 2018, Davos, Switzerland, 15-26 June 2018.
Zia, A., I. Kelman, and M.H. Glantz. 2015. "Arctic Melting Tests the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea". Chapter 7, pp. 128-140 in R. Pincus and S.H. Ali, Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic, Yale University Press, London, U.K.
Over the Moska River, Moscow, Russia.
(Copyright Ilan Kelman 2014.)
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