Disaster Diplomacy Projects and Ideas
in association with
Projects and Ideas Index
Search on the Internet for the word "flashpoints" and you will come up with scores of websites that use the term somewhere in their description. Many use it in their title, however, mainly in reference to military and political issues.
Flashpoints Informal Planning Meeting
Mirror Disaster Diplomacy or Inverse Disaster Diplomacy
Natural Disaster Conflicts
Rakhi Bhavnani's Master's dissertation is Natural Disaster Conflicts (244 kb in PDF for this summary of the entire dissertation). The abstract is:
This paper explores the effect of natural disasters on conflict. Disasters disrupt daily lives and social systems and call into question prevailing social and political arrangements. Directly and indirectly they create the conditions for instability and conflict by exacerbating social grievances and resource scarcities, and accelerating changes in social systems. Despite a plethora of studies in the disaster realm, however, negligible attention has been devoted to the study of conflict in the aftermath of a natural disaster. This study takes a preliminary step in that direction, analyzing the wide range of environmental, social, spatial, political, and psychological effects of natural disasters in both conflict-ridden and conflict-free areas of the world. Building on the findings and conclusions of disaster and conflict scholarship, together with natural disaster and event data covering the period of 1991-1999, the linkages between natural disasters and conflict are tested statistically within a multivariate model. This paper finds that natural disasters are important factors in explaining social conflict. The analysis both validates the traditional determinants of conflict and indicates the importance of incorporating system shocks such as natural disasters.
Natural Disasters and Peacemaking
Seven Hypotheses: Disasters and Political Change
Pelling, M. and K. Dill. 2006. "'Natural' Disasters as Catalysts of Political Action". Chatham House ISP/NSC Briefing Paper 06/01, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, U.K., full text (38 kb in PDF).
By analysing so-called "large natural disaster events" from 1899 to 2005, they propose seven hypotheses regarding disasters and political change:
Tit-for-Tat Disaster Diplomacy
Tit-for-Tat disaster diplomacy refers to the potential that one state providing aid to another state could lead to a similar reciprocal gesture in the future, despite conflict between the states. As well, the refusal of one state to provide aid to another state could lead to a similar reciprocal gesture in the future, perpetuating or creating conflict between the states. Case studies provide evidence for and against both forms of tit-for-tat disaster diplomacy, as detailed in Kelman (2007).
Typologies of Disaster Diplomacy
Universal Declaration of Disaster Rights
Should we decide to create a new framework to detail and advocate the proposals of Radix, one possibility following on from the proposal for an international panel would be a declaration of principles such as a Universal Declaration of Disaster Rights (although preferably avoiding the unfortunate acronym which it entails) or an International Disaster Prevention Constitution. Such a new document might be appropriate for inaugurating and defining the International Panel on Natural Disasters and could serve as a focal point for embodying the fundamental principles of human rights with respect to disasters, followed by an outline of the full meaning of this principle and the manner of its implementation.
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